Ahmed Amin: One of the prominent figures in Arab and Islamic thought in the first half of the twentieth century, one of the most prominent people who called for Islamic civilization renewal, and the owner of an independent intellectual current based on moderation, and he is the father of the contemporary thinker Jalal Amin. “Ahmed Amin Ibrahim Al-Tabakh” was born in Cairo in 1886 AD, to a father who works as an Azharite teacher. His father pushed him to memorize the Noble Qur’an, and as soon as the child completed that command, he enrolled in Umm Abbas Primary Model School. His age to join the teaching line; Where he worked as a teacher of the Arabic language in several schools in Tanta, Alexandria and Cairo, after which he took the entrance exams at the School of the Islamic Judiciary to pass them successfully and graduate after four years, and be appointed as a teacher in them. Ahmed Amin began his career in authoring, translation and publishing; Where fate led him in the year 1914 AD to the acquaintance of a group of young people with cultural and intellectual interests, which aimed to enrich Arab culture; Where they provided the Arab reader with the relics of the Arab heritage after explaining, controlling and verifying them, and they also presented the innovations of European thought in many fields of knowledge in authorship and translation. In 1926 A.D., Ahmed Amin was chosen to teach literary criticism at the Faculty of Arts at Cairo University on the recommendation of Taha Hussein. He was also elected dean of the faculty later, despite not having obtained a doctorate, but his election as dean of the faculty made him busy with several problems that affected him From the Deanship in the year 1940 AD. Eight years later, he obtained an honorary doctorate. Ahmed Amin wrote in many fields of knowledge, such as philosophy, literature, criticism, history and education, but his most prominent work is that work in which he chronicled the mental movement in the Islamic civilization. He brought out to us "the dawn of Islam" and "the sacrifice of Islam" and "the rise of Islam", or what was known as the "Encyclopedia of Islamic Civilization." Ahmed Amin remained devoted to research, reading and writing throughout his life until he moved to the sight of God in 1954 after he left us a rich and unique intellectual heritage, upon which the successors of the generations accumulated on it.