About Author


Ibn Miskawayh: He is Ahmad bin Muhammad bin Ya’qub Miskawayh, whose nickname is Abu Ali al-Khazin, referring to his work as a store for the libraries of Al-Buwayhiyyin. He was also called “the owner of the experiences of the nations. Miskawiyah was born around 320 AH, 932 CE. A contemporary of al-Biruni, Ibn Sina, Abu Hayyan al-Tawhidi and Badi al-Zaman al-Hamdhani, and died in Isbahan about 421 AH corresponding to 1030 CE.