About Author

Taha Hussein: An Egyptian writer and thinker, who is considered one of the flags of the enlightenment and the modern literary movement. Taha Hussein Ali Salama was born in November 1889 in the village of Al Kilo in Minya Governorate. He lost his eyesight at the age of four after suffering conjunctivitis, but that did not discourage his father from enrolling him in the village writers. The young man surprised his Sheikh, “Muhammad Gad al-Rab” with a sharp memory and a blazing intelligence that enabled him to learn the language, arithmetic and the Holy Quran in a short period. And he pursued his academic career with great strides. Where he joined Al-Azhar education, then he was the first to join the Egyptian University in 1908, and he obtained a doctorate in 1914, to begin his first battles with traditional thought; His thesis, “The Memory of Abu Al-Alaa”, sparked a wave of criticism. Then the Egyptian University sent him to France, and there he prepared his second doctoral thesis: “The Social Philosophy of Ibn Khaldun”, and he passed the Postgraduate Diploma in Roman Law. His marriage to the French woman "Susan Brissot" had a great impact on his scientific and literary career. She played the role of a reader for him, as she was the loyal companion that supported and encouraged him to give and persevere. They had two sons: “Amina” and “Munis”. After his return from France, he explored professional and public life with strength and ability. Where he worked as a professor of Greek and Roman history at the Egyptian University, then professor of the history of Arabic literature at the Faculty of Arts, then dean of the college. In 1942, he was appointed as an advisor to the Minister of Education, then director of Alexandria University. In 1950, he became Minister of Education, and led the call for free and compulsory education, and he was credited with establishing a number of Egyptian universities. In 1959, he returned to the university as a "part-time professor" and took over the editor-in-chief of the newspaper, "Al-Gomhoria". He enriched the Arab Library with many books and translations, and was devoted to cultural liberation and openness, while taking pride in the valuable cultural legacies. Arabic and Egyptian. Naturally, the innovativeness of his theses and their modernity collided with some prevailing ideas, and his major works reaped the largest share of the attack, which reached the point of filing lawsuits against him. In spite of this, he remains in memory: “In pre-Islamic literature,” “The future of culture in Egypt,” and many books and novels, in addition to his masterpiece “Al-Ayyam” in which he narrated his autobiography. Taha Hussein passed away from this world in October 193, at the age of 84, which he spent as a teacher, an author and a maker of light.